水溫對咖啡風味的影響 The effect of water temperature on coffee flavors

煮咖啡的水溫很重要嗎?為了瞭解水溫對沖煮的影響,我們以二種水溫來實驗看看。一般來說,萃取咖啡的水溫大約在85-95度之間;相同萃取時間下,水溫越高,咖啡中揮發性的香氣與水溶性物質會更快的被釋出;水溫越低,較沒辦法萃取出完整的風味物質。
 

Is the water temperature important for brewing coffee? In order to understand the effect of water temperature on brewing, let's experiment with two water temperatures. Generally speaking, the water temperature for extracting coffee is about 85-95℃; under the same extraction time, the higher the water temperature, the faster the volatile aroma and water-soluble substances in the coffee will be released; the lower the water temperature, it is impossible to extract the complete flavor substances.


我們以「浸泡式」萃取方式,排除沖泡技巧與手法的影響,來比較水溫高低對風味的影響。咖啡豆樣本,我們選用 衣索比亞 藝妓村 綠標藝妓 日曬 來進行測試,它是一支香氣飽滿、細膩層次佳的豆子,很適合用來測試風味與口感的差異性。

 

We use the immersion brewing method, excluding the influence of brewing techniques, to compare the influence of water temperature on flavor. As a coffee bean sample, we use the Panama La Esmeralda Geisha Natural for testing. It is a coffee bean with full aroma and finely structured, which is very suitable for testing the difference in flavor and taste.


沖煮實驗
–  水溫:75度vs.95度。
–  樣本:衣索比亞 藝妓村 綠標藝妓 日曬 │ 焙度:淺焙
–  沖煮參數依照上週介紹的「簡單版浸泡式咖啡」所列參數測試

 

Brewing test

Water temperature: 75℃ vs. 95℃

Sample: Panama La Esmeralda Geisha Natural Roasting: Light Roast

The brewing parameters are tested according to the parameters listed in the “Simple version of immersion coffee” introduced last week


1. 將咖啡粉20g放入杯中
2. 倒入90度熱水300g,咖啡粉吸水後會浮在杯內上緣,如同手沖之悶蒸狀態。
3. 1分鐘或1分30秒後,以湯匙攪動杯內上緣的粉層,咖啡粉會沉浸在水中。
4. 浸泡時間達2分30秒時,倒入另一個架好濾網的杯中,完成。

 

 

1. Put 20g of ground coffee into the cup

2. Pour 300g of 90℃ hot water. After the coffee powder absorbs water, it will float on the upper edge of the cup, just like the blooming state of pour-over brewing

3. After 1 minute or 1.5 minutes, stir the powder layer on the upper edge of the cup with a spoon, and the coffee powder will be immersed in the water.

4. When the soaking time reaches 2.5 minutes, pour it into another cup with a strainer and it is done.
 


水溫與風味比較
95度熱水浸泡,香氣飽滿帶有花香,具甜感與豐富層次,口感厚實濃郁;而75度熱水浸泡,帶有淡雅花香,多了些水感和萃取不完整的苦感,甜度相對低,缺乏醇厚度支撐。
由此可知75度熱水相對於95度,較無法將咖啡風味完整萃取,也容易浪費了這支豆子蘊含的優點。高溫相對於低溫,萃取率相對較高,能帶出咖啡更多的風味輪廓。

 

 

Water temperature and flavor comparison

Soaked in 95℃ hot water, the aroma is full and floral, sweet and rich, and the taste is mellow and rich; while soaking in 75℃ hot water, it has an elegant floral fragrance, more watery and incompletely extracted bitterness, less sweet and mellow.


咖啡降溫後的變化
將這兩杯對照組降溫後發現,風味差異開始趨近,甜味、果香開始堆疊,喉韻綿延出來。

 

Changes in coffee as the temperature cools down

After these 2 cups cooling down, it is found that the difference in flavor began to get close, the sweetness and fruity aroma began to stack, and the throat rhyme stretched out.

 

咖啡熱的時候喝,喝的是層次與沖煮手法;降溫後,它的重量感和膠質感會豐厚起來,同時喉韻增加;可以說是,低溫時呈現出咖啡豆的本質。所以一杯咖啡煮得好不好以及豆子本身優劣,可以經由高溫到低溫一覽無遺。這也是精品咖啡為何建議大家慢慢品味咖啡,由熱到涼的變化,品味完整的風味輪廓。

 

Drinking coffee when it is hot is based on structured flavors and brewing techniques; after cooling down, its body will be enriched, and the aftertaste will increase; it’s said that the essence of coffee beans is presented at low temperature. So whether a cup of coffee is well brewed and whether the beans themselves are good or bad can be seen from high temperature to low temperature. This is why specialty coffee recommends that you taste the coffee slowly, from hot to cold, to taste the complete flavor profile.


總結
在其他參數不變之下,若沖出來的咖啡感覺苦、濃等,可嘗試降低水溫;若沖出來感覺水感重、味道淡等,那就代表還有很多風味仍留在咖啡中,下次沖煮時,可考慮提高溫度。水溫高低,所萃取出的風味也有不同,透過改變各種參數,多累積沖煮經驗,慢慢找到自己喜歡的咖啡沖煮之道,豐富味覺和嗅覺的感官體驗,享受一杯精品咖啡的美好風味。

 

In Conclusion

If the other parameters remain unchanged, if the brewed coffee feels bitter, strong, etc., you can try to lower the water temperature; if the brewed coffee feels watery and weak, it means that there are still many flavors left in the coffee. Consider raising the temperature the next time you brew. The water temperature can be high or low, and the extracted flavor is different. By changing various parameters, you can accumulate more brewing experience, and slowly find your favorite coffee brewing method, enrich the sensory experience of taste and smell, and enjoy a cup of fine coffee.

 

 


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