一次搞懂拿鐵、卡布、Flat white...等差別 Understanding the Differences Between Latte, Cappuccino, Flat White, and More

源於義大利的義式咖啡,是一種以高水壓(約9大氣壓)、高水溫(90-94°C)、短時間(約30秒)快速萃取的濃縮咖啡。以1:2的咖啡粉水比例,製作出濃郁且富有層次感的咖啡,其特色在於香氣濃郁的琥珀色Crema泡沫。經典的義式咖啡還有各種變化,如加入大量蒸奶的拿鐵(Latte)、奶泡更厚咖啡更濃的卡布奇諾(Cappuccino),以及介於上述二者之間的馥列白(Flat White)又稱奶咖或平白咖啡等,滿足了咖啡愛好者對於濃郁咖啡風味和口感的追求。今天讓您一次搞懂不同的義式咖啡飲品,咖啡的萃取量與蒸奶的比例有何不同,喝起來差別又在哪裡?

Originating from Italian-style coffee, it is an espresso extracted quickly (around 30 seconds) under high pressure (about 9 atmospheres) and high water temperature (90-94°C). Prepared with a coffee-to-water ratio of 1:2, it produces a rich and multi-structured coffee, characterized by a strong, amber-colored crema foam. Classic Italian coffee has various variations, including the Latte with a large amount of steamed milk, the Cappuccino with thicker foam and stronger coffee, and the Flat White, a mix of the former two, catering to coffee enthusiasts' pursuit of rich flavors and textures. Today, we'll clarify the differences among different Italian coffee beverages, particularly in their coffee-to-milk ratios and taste profiles.

 

Latte(拿鐵)
拿鐵一詞起源於義大利語,意思是牛奶。因此,如果您去義大利點一杯Latte,請小心只會得到一杯簡單的牛奶。Latte是義式咖啡中最常見的咖啡飲料,其中奶的比例很高,由濃縮咖啡和蒸奶混合而成,拿鐵比例通常為1:5,即40克濃縮咖啡,加入200克蒸奶。蒸奶的比例高於卡布奇諾,喝起來奶感大於咖啡味。

The term Latte originates from Italian, meaning milk. If you order a "Latte" in Italy, be cautious as you might only receive a cup of plain milk. Latte is the most common Italian coffee drink, containing a high proportion of milk, combining espresso with steamed milk. The typical Latte ratio is 1:5, meaning 40 grams of espresso mixed with 200 grams of steamed milk. With a higher milk proportion than a Cappuccino, its taste emphasizes the milkiness over the coffee.

 

Cappuccino(卡布奇諾)
歐洲一直是卡布奇諾的最大粉絲之一,尤其是在義大利,他們經常將卡布奇諾作為早餐的一部分。濃縮咖啡與等量的蒸奶和奶泡混合而成,卡布奇諾比例通常為1:1:1,即40克濃縮咖啡,加入40克蒸奶,40克的奶泡。具有濃郁的咖啡風味和厚奶泡的質感。

Europe has long been a big fan of Cappuccino, especially in Italy, where it's often part of breakfast. Made by combining equal parts of espresso, steamed milk, and milk foam, the Cappuccino ratio is typically 1:1:1, meaning 40 grams of espresso with 40 grams each of steamed milk and milk foam. It boasts a robust coffee flavor and a creamy milk foam texture.

 

Flat White(馥列白/奶咖/平白咖啡)
類似拿鐵,但咖啡與奶的比例較低,比例介於Latte和Cappuccino之間,奶咖比例通常為1:3,即40克濃縮咖啡,加入120克蒸奶。起源於澳洲和紐西蘭,以其絲滑的奶泡而聞名。

Similar to a Latte but with a lower coffee-to-milk ratio, sitting between a Latte and a Cappuccino, the Flat White ratio is usually 1:3, indicating 40 grams of espresso mixed with 120 grams of steamed milk. Originating from Australia and New Zealand, it's known for its silky milk foam.

 

奶泡通常分成三個層次:最底層的液態熱奶、中層的絲滑奶泡、最上層堅挺的粗奶泡。Flat white與Latte採用的就是底層的液態熱奶以及絲滑奶泡,只不過Flat white採用更為下層、泡量更少的奶泡,因此較為絲滑,咖啡杯頂端的奶泡也更薄一些。

The milk foam is typically divided into three layers: the bottom layer of liquid hot milk, the silky milk foam in the middle, and the sturdy, coarse milk foam on top. Flat White and Latte both use the bottom layer of liquid hot milk and silky milk foam, with Flat White utilizing less foam and positioning it lower, thus offering a smoother texture, and thinner foam at the top of the coffee cup.
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濃縮咖啡做為義式咖啡的基底,以偏深烘焙的咖啡搭配精細研磨的咖啡粉來製作濃縮咖啡,義式濃縮咖啡憑藉高水壓與短時間內的特殊製作,散發深厚的咖啡味。濃縮咖啡又分成好幾種,依咖啡粉與咖啡液的比例不同來區分,最常見的三種如下

Espresso serves as the base of Italian coffee, prepared by using finely ground coffee beans that undergo a darker roast to create a concentrated brew. Italian espresso, crafted through high pressure and a short brewing time, exudes a rich coffee flavor. There are several variations of espresso, distinguished by the ratio of coffee grounds to the resulting liquid. The most common three types are as follows.

 

Espresso (濃縮咖啡)
Espresso是常最見的濃縮咖啡,咖啡粉與咖啡液的比例通常是1:2,如用20克咖啡粉會萃取出40克咖啡液。Espresso喝起來具有濃烈的咖啡風味。

Italian Espresso, renowned for its robust flavor, is prepared at a 1:2 ratio of coffee grounds to liquid coffee, where 20 grams of coffee grounds yield 40 grams of coffee liquid. Espresso offers a rich coffee taste.

 

Ristretto (濃縮咖啡)
是濃縮咖啡的一種,用較少的水來萃取濃縮咖啡,因此產生較短而更濃郁的咖啡。比Espresso較濃縮,咖啡粉與咖啡液的比例通常是1:1,如用20克咖啡粉會萃取出20克咖啡液。Ristretto喝起來比Espresso有更強烈的咖啡風味。

Ristretto, another form of Espresso, uses less water for extraction, resulting in a shorter yet stronger coffee. More concentrated than Espresso, the typical ratio is 1:1, extracting 20 grams of coffee grounds into 20 grams of coffee liquid. Ristretto exhibits a more intense coffee flavor than Espresso.

 

Lungo (濃縮咖啡)
是濃縮咖啡的一種,以較多水來萃取的濃縮咖啡,比Espresso較淡一點的濃縮咖啡,咖啡粉與咖啡液的比例通常是1:3,如用20克咖啡粉會萃取出60克咖啡液。Lungo喝起來是較為輕盈的濃縮咖啡體驗。

Lungo, also an Espresso variant, involves a longer extraction with more water, creating a slightly lighter concentration than Espresso. The ratio usually stands at 1:3, generating 60 grams of coffee liquid from 20 grams of coffee grounds. Lungo offers a more delicate Espresso experience.

 

義式咖啡之所以風靡全世界,因其濃烈風味和多樣變化。拿鐵、卡布奇諾及奶咖,為人們提供了在咖啡中探索不同層次的機會。JC咖啡除了有上百支的單一莊園手沖咖啡之外,也有二支長期被義式濃縮咖啡的老饕們所愛用的義式配方咖啡豆,「濃縮烘焙咖啡豆 義式配方」以及「義式莊園配方豆 拾穗印象」,帶有濃郁的焦糖香與奶油般的滑順口感,不論是製作Espresso、Ristretto或Lungo都各具風味特色,讓我們浸泡在悠久的義式咖啡文化中;這些咖啡飲品既是味蕾的享受,又是社交的藝術,散發深厚的咖啡文化風味。

Italian coffee's worldwide popularity arises from its intense flavors and diverse variations. Drinks like Latte, Cappuccino, and Flat White offer opportunities to explore different aspects of coffee. Apart from over a hundred single-origin pour-over coffees, Justin Coffee also offers two espresso beans beloved by Espresso enthusiasts: the "Espresso Roast JC Blend" and the "Italian Estate Espresso Special Blend - Harvest Impressions." These beans carry caramelized aroma and buttery smoothness, delivering unique flavors in Espresso, Ristretto, or Lungo preparations. They allow us to immerse ourselves in the rich culture of Italian coffee, an indulgence for the palate and an art of socializing, emanating the profound essence of coffee culture.

 


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